Product Design, Manufacturing, and Supply Chain Management
This cluster focuses on how to better design products and engineered systems; design and operate manufacturing processes and operations; and design and manage supply chains to improve human rights for people globally. It also focuses on how to create better governmental and regulatory policies, along with organizational strategies and behaviors that can influence and advance human rights within our industrial organizations and supply chains. This research area intersects multiple disciplines, including engineering, business, management, and law. Product designs determine how products are manufactured; consequently, values focused on human rights, environment, security need to be embedded within the process from the beginning rather than retrofitting them to a process designed with other goals in mind (such as profit or rapid lead–time). Moreover, these goals may conflict with each other, and they need to be addressed early in the design process.